Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online (TERO)

The purpose of USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online is to communicate the results of research projects funded under USGA’s Turfgrass and Environmental Research Program to all who can benefit from such knowledge. Since 1921, the USGA has funded more than $40 million for research at universities. The private, non-profit research program provides funding opportunities to university faculty interested in working on environmental and turf management problems affecting golf courses. The outstanding playing conditions of today’s golf courses are a direct result of using science to benefit golf.

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2014

Publication Date Detail  
January/February, 13(1), 2014 Page Title
  1 Efficient irrigation of golf course turf in the cool-humid New England region
  5 Reducing watershed scale phosphorus export through integrated management practices
  8 Long term nutrient fate research
  10 Development of phosphorus filtering systems for environmental protection
  13 Irrigation requirements for salinity management on perennial ryegrass
  17 Supplemental nickel applications and foliar urea fertility on two warm-season turfgrass species under salinity stress
  20 Development of large patch resistant and cold hardy zoysiagrass cultivars for the transition zone [Kansas State University]
  22 Development of large patch resistant and cold hardy zoysiagrass cultivars for the transition zone [Purdue University]
  25 Enzyme technology to alleviate soil water repellency in turfgrass situations
  30 Effect of glycinebetaine seed priming on the tolerance to abiotic stresses in turfgrass

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2013

Publication Date Detail  
September/October, 12(5), 2013 Page Title
  1 Golf course watershed management for reduction of nutrient and pesticide losses to surface water
July/August, 12(4), 2013 Page Title
  1 Keeping all the pieces: Restoring natural processes for easier golf course management
  6 Comparison of putting greens constructed with airfield systems and USGA designs
May/June, 12(3), 2013 Page Title
  1 Water-use efficiency and carbon sequestration influenced by turfgrass species and management practices
  4 Carbon footprint and agronomy practices to reduce carbon footprint of golf courses
  6 Evaluation of an inorganic soil amendment to reduce and manage fairy ring symptoms in turfgrass
  9 Reducing watershed scale phosphorus export through integrated management practices
  11 Plant growth regulator and soil surfactant effects on drought and salinity stressed bermudagrass and seashore paspalum
  13 Turf colorants for aesthetics or as an alternative to overseeding
  15 A promising herbicide to control annual bluegrass in creeping bentgrass putting greens
  18 Developing weed management programs for creeping bentgrass fairways using low environmental impact herbicides
  20 Effects of Micro-Blaze on creeping bentgrass and bermudagrass putting greens
     
March/April, 12(2), 2013 Page Title
  1 Efficient irrigation of golf turf in the cool-humid New England region
  4 Reducing watershed scale phosphorus export through integrated management practices
  6 Long term nutrient fate research
  8 Development of phosphorus filtering systems for environmental protection
  11 Irrigation requirements for salinity management on perennial ryegrass
  14 Supplemental nickel applications and foliar urea fertility on two warm-season turfgrass species under salinity stress
  16 Best management practices for anthracnose disease on annual bluegrass putting greens
  18 Promotion of turf health through early pathogen detection - Development of a Turf PathoCHIP
  20 The development and evaluation of new system to control nematodes in golf course
  22 Use of silver nanoparticles for nematode control on the bermudagrass putting green
  25 Investigations into the cause and management of etiolation on creeping bentgrass putting greens
  27 Management of bacterial wilt of creeping bentgrass caused by Acidovorax avenae
  29 Determining the reproductive phenology of emerging overwintering annual bluegrass weevil populations
  31 Biological control of white grubs in turf with microsclerotial granules
  33 Integrated pest management of plant-parasitic sting nematodes on bermudagrass
  34 Infection and colonization of bermudagrass by Ophiosphaerella species: The causal agents of spring dead spot of bermudagrass
  37 Occurrence and identification of an emerging bacterial pathogen of creeping bentgrass
  40 Validation of a logistic regression model for prediction of dollar spot of amenity turfgrasses
     
January, 12(1), 2013 Page Title
  1 Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program for Golf Courses
  4 Turfgrass Information File
  6 Buffalograss breeding and genetics
  8 Development of shade-tolerant bermudagrass cultivars for fine turf
  9 Improving our understanding of salinity tolerance in perennial ryegrass through transcriptome analysis
  11 Development of large patch resistance and cold hardy zoysiagrass cultivars for the transition zone
  13 Early physiological changes associated in cold deacclimation of annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass
  15 Development of seeded zoysiagrass cultivars with improved turf quality and high seed yields
  17 Molecular characterization of chinch bug-resistant buffalograsses
  20 Confirmation and utilization of candidate gene markers for the selection of heat tolerant bentgrass
  22 Evaluation of curly mesquite and spruce top grama for turfgrass development
  24 Breeding and evaluation of Kentucky bluegrasses, tall fescues, fine fescues, perennial ryegrasses and bentgrasses for turf
  26 Development of seeded turf-type saltgrass
  28 Production and maintenance of triploid interspecific bermudagrass hybrids for QTL analysis
  30 Adaptation and management of fine fescues for golf course fairways
  32 Genetic improvement of prairie junegrass
  34 Breeding and evaluation of turf bermudagrass varieties

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2012

Publication Date Detail
December 2012 Harivandi, A., P. Brown, and M. Kenna (eds.) 2012. Proceedings from golf's use of water: Solutions for a more sustainable game. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(12): [1-5], 1-70
November 1, 2012 Nus, J. 2012. Addressing turfgrass water shortages. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(11): 1-20
October 1, 2012 King, K. W., J. C. Balogh, and S. G. Agrawal. 2012. Addressing subsurface nutrient and pesticide loss through end-of-tile filters. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(10):1-9
September 1, 2012 Huff, D. R., and J. M. La Mantia. 2012. Greens-type Poa annua violates the laws of genetics. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(9): 1-7
August 1, 2012 Rice, P., B. Horgan, and J. Rittenhouse. 2012. Evaluation of core cultivation practices to reduce ecological risk of pesticides in runoff from turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(8): 1-10
July 1, 2012 Rice, P., and B. Horgan. 2012. Solid or hollow: Which core cultivation method is the most effective at reducing nutrient loss with runoff from turf? USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(7): 1-11
June 1, 2012 Bremer, D., J. Lewis, S. Keeley, and J. Fry. 2012. Effects of wilt-based irrigation on visual quality and seasonal water applications on 30 bluegrasses in the transition zone. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(6): 1-12
May 1, 2012 Crouch, J. A., and B. B. Clarke. 2012. Biology and pathology of turfgrass anthracnose. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(5): 1-7
April 1, 2012 Winchell, K. M., and J. P. Gibbs. 2012. Golf courses as refuges for freshwater turtles in urban landscapes. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(4): 1-10
March 1, 2012 Brosnan, J. T., and G. K. Breeden. 2012. Application timing affects the efficacy of herbicides used for control of bermudagrass in zoysiagrass fairways. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(3): 1-8
February 1, 2012 Penn, C., G. Bell, J. Warren, and J. McGrath. 2012. Improving water quality with phosphorus removal structures. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(2): 1-6
January 1, 2012 Anderson, M., K. Melmaiee, S. Elavarthi, and A. Guenzi. 2012. Gene expression in cold acclimating bermudagrass crown tissues. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 11(1): 1-8

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2011

Publication Date Detail
December 1, 2011 Nus, J. L. (ed.) 2011. 2011 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(23): i-vii, 1-46
November 15, 2011 Richmond, D. S., B. J. Schemerhorn, and M. G. Abdelwahab. 2011. Developing a DNA-based larval identification tool for billbugs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(22): 1-9
November 1, 2011 Nus, J., and M. Kenna. 2011. Reviewing USGA-funded research: Nutrient fate and transport. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(21): 1-8
October 15, 2011 DaCosta, M., L. Hoffman, J. S. Ebdon, and E. Watkins. 2011. Physiological factors associated with perennial ryegrass freezing tolerance. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(20): 1-6
October 1, 2011 Nelson, L. R., M. A. Foster, and J. Crowder. 2011. Salinity tolerance screening and breeding in annual and perennial ryegrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(19): 1-7
September 15, 2011 Stanback, M., E. Cline, W. Anderson, L. Bergner, P. McGovern, A. Mercadante, et al. 2011. Bluebird-proof nest boxes increase brown-headed nuthatch breeding on southeastern golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(18): 1-12
September 1, 2011 Brown, R. N., C. Percivalle, and G. Jung. 2011. Seeking copper spot resistance in velvet bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(17): 1-4
August 15, 2011 Bell, G., Y. Wu, and K. Koh. 2011. Selecting for shade-resistant seeded bermudagrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(16): 1-10
August 1, 2011 Doherty, J. J., and M. Clark. 2011. Utilizing reduced-risk pesticides and IPM strategies to mitigate golfer exposure and hazard. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(15): 1-18
July 15, 2011 Nelson-Brown, R., and G. Jung. 2011. Assessment of salt tolerance in velvet bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(14): 1-7
July 1, 2011 Koch, M. J., and S. A. Bonos. 2011. An overhead irrigation screening technique for salinity tolerance in cool-season turfgrasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(13): 1-10
June 15, 2011 Kopec, D. M., J. Gilbert, S. E. Smith, M. Pessarakli, S. P. Nolan, D. Fish, et al. 2011. Native grass development for turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(12): 1-5
June 1, 2011 Tomaso-Peterson, M. 2011. The efficacy of spring fungicide applications plus organic fertilizer for controlling spring dead spot of bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(11): 1-7
May 15, 2011 Wu, Y., D. L. Martin, Z. Wang, C. Tan, and T. Samuels. 2011. Microsatellite molecular markers accurately identify clonal turf bermudagrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(10): 1-7
May 1, 2011 Huang, B., E. Merewitz, S. Bonos, F. Belanger, and S. Warnke. 2011. Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) associated with drought and heat tolerance in bentgrass species. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(9): 1-8
April 15, 2011 Ervin, E., and A. Nichols. 2011. Organic matter dilution programs for sand-based putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(8): 1-6
April 1, 2011 Reinert, J. A., and M. C. Engelke. 2011. Zoysiagrass resistance to the fall armyworm. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(7): 1-9
March 15, 2011 Jackson, A. K., and D. A. Cristol. 2011. Tracking survival of bluebirds on golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(6): 1-7
March 1, 2011 Doroh, M. C., and J. S. McElroy. 2011. Competitive effects of various weed species on seeded zoysiagrass establishment. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(5): 1-8
February 15, 2011 Bixby, A. J., and D. A. Potter. 2011. Evaluating a naturally-occurring baculovirous for extended biological control of black cutworms in golf course habitats. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(4): 1-15
February 1, 2011 Pigati, R. L., P. H. Dernoeden, A. P. Grybauskas, and B. Momen. 2011. Simulated rainfall and mowing impact fungicide performance when targeting dollar spot in creeping bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(3): 1-13
January 15, 2011 Bell, G. E., and K. Koh. 2011. Nutrient and pesticide losses caused by simulated rainfall and sprinkler irrigation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(2): 1-10
January 1, 2011 Qian, Y., M. Shahba, and S. Wilhelm. 2011. Effect of seed treatments, seeding date, and seeding rate on saltgrass seed germination and establishment. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 10(1): 1-7

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2010

Publication Date Detail
December 1, 2010 Nus, J. L. (ed.) 2010. 2010 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(23): i-vii, 1-43
November 15, 2010 Landschoot, P., M. Fidanza, and T. Delvalle. 2010. Comparison of chlorothalonil, propiconazole, and iprodione products for control of dollar spot and brown patch diseases. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(22): 1-9
November 1, 2010 Reinert, J. A., and J. C. Read. 2010. Fall armyworm susceptibility among Kentucky bluegrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(21): 1-7
October 15, 2010 Reinert, J. A. 2010. Red imported fire ants forage on turfgrasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(20): 1-9
October 1, 2010 Branham, B., S. Henning, and R. Mulvaney. 2010. Optimization of foliar nitrogen nutrition to improve turfgrass performance under shade or mowing stress. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(19): 1-5
September 15, 2010 Reinert, J. A. 2010. Damage by bermudagrass mite and resistance in bermudagrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(18): 1-7
September 1, 2010 Reinert, J. A., M. C. Engelke, and J. J. Heitholt. 2010. Hunting billbug resistance among zoysiagrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(17): 1-11
August 15, 2010 Peck, D. C., M. D. Diaz-Lyke, and M. Seto. 2010. Overwintering of the annual bluegrass weevil in golf course landscapes. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(16): 1-9
August 1, 2010 Baris, R. D., S. Z. Cohen, N. L. Barnes, J. Lam, and Q. Ma. 2010. Qualitative analysis of over 20 years of golf course monitoring studies. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(15): 1-16
July 15, 2010 Huang, B. 2010. Exploring molecular mechanisms of heat tolerance in bentgrass species. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(14): 1-5
July 1, 2010 Bixby, A. J., and D. A. Potter. 2010. Biological control of black cutworms using a virus. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(13): 1-6
June 15, 2010 Jackson, A. K., and D. A. Cristol. 2010. International golf course wildlife research: Focus on the future. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(12): 1-8
June 1, 2010 Heng-Moss, T., O. Gulsen, T. Eichkoff, R. Shearman, and F. Baxendale. 2010. The role of peroxidases in the defense response of warm-season turfgrasses to chinch bugs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(11): 1-10
May 15, 2010 Nanayakkara, U. N., W. Uddin, and L. E. Datnoff. 2010. Silicon and the development of gray leaf spot of perennial ryegrass turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(10): 1-7
May 1, 2010 Navarrete-Tindall, N. E., and J. W. Van Sambeek. 2010. Evaluating poverty grass (Danthonia spicata) for golf courses in the Midwest. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(9): 1-8
April 15, 2010 Belanger, F. C., D. Rotter, and K. V. Ambrose. 2010. A new model of the genomic relationships among creeping, colonial, and velvet bentgrasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(8): 1-5
April 1, 2010 Huang, B., and Y. Xu. 2010. Promoting better summer performance of creeping bentgrass through application of trinexapac-ethyl and seaweed extract-based biostimulants. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(7): 1-6
March 15, 2010 Baldwin, C., and H. Liu. 2010. Nitrogen management for 'Champion' bermudagrass under full sun and shade. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(6): 1-8
March 1, 2010 Paterson, A. H., and C. Kim. 2010. Drought-responsive gene expression in bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(5): 1-5
February 15, 2010 Held, D. W., and C. M. Abraham. 2010. Biology of Larra bicolor, a parasitoid of mole crickets, and potential ornamental plants as nectar sources. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(4): 1-10
February 1, 2010 Kaminski, J. E., and M. A. Fidanza. 2010. Dollar spot severity as influenced by fungicide mode of activity and spray nozzle. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(3): 1-12
January 15, 2010 Morris, K., and S. Bushman. 2010. Developing drought tolerant and salt resistant turfgrasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(2): 1-7
January 1, 2010 Rice, P., and B. Horgan. 2010. Nutrient loss in runoff from turf: Effect on surface water quality. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 9(1): 1-10

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2009

Publication Date Detail
December 1, 2009 Nus, J. L. (ed.) 2009. 2009 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(23): i-viii, 1-75
November 15, 2009 Martin, B. 2009. Identification, pathogenicity, and control of Rhizoctonia leaf and sheath spot of bermudagrass putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(22): 1-10
November 1, 2009 Lewis, D. F., J. S. McElroy, J. C. Sorochan, and G. K. Breeden. 2009. Selective control options for bermudagrass contamination of zoysiagrass turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(21): 1-8
October 15, 2009 Bell, G. E., and K. Koh. 2009. Natural rainfall runoff from a bermudagrass golf course fairway. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(20): 1-11
October 1, 2009 Morris, K., R. Zobel, and A. Hass. 2009. Engineering the best soils for turfgrass applications. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(19): 1-8
September 15, 2009 Christensen, D. 2009. Determining heritability of saltgrass height. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(18): 1-6
September 1, 2009 Guertal, E. A., and D. Y. Han. 2009. Timing of irrigation for cooling bentgrass greens with and without fans. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(17): 1-5
August 15, 2009 Wu, Y., D. L. Martin, J. A. Anderson, G. E. Bell, M. P. Anderson, N. R. Walker, et al. 2009. Recent progress in turf bermudagrass breeding research at Oklahoma State University. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(16): 1-11
August 1, 2009 Fu, J., and P. H. Dernoeden. 2009. Creeping bentgrass putting green turf responses to two irrigation practices: Quality, chlorophyll, canopy temperature, and thatch-mat. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(15): 1-13
July 15, 2009 Fu, J., and P. H. Dernoeden. 2009. Creeping bentgrass putting green turf responses to two summer irrigation practices: Rooting and soil temperature. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(14): 1-14
July 1, 2009 Carrow, R. N., J. Krum, and C. Hartwiger. 2009. Precision Turfgrass Management: A new concept for efficient application of inputs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(13): 1-12
June 15, 2009 Van Dyke, A., P. G. Johnson, and P. R. Grossl. 2009. Influence of humic acid on water retention and nutrient uptake in simulated putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(12): 1-10
June 1, 2009 Doroh, M. C., J. S. McElroy, and R. H. Walker. 2009. Utilizing soil sterilants to control bermudagrass and re-establish zoysiagrass for fairway renovation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(11): 1-5
May 15, 2009 Mitra, S., M. Seaman, M. Fam, R. Plumb, A. Malazian, D. McKee, et al. 2009. Evaluating new Poa annua cultivars under warmer growing conditions. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(10): 1-10
May 1, 2009 Watkins, E., and M. D. Clark. 2009. Genetic improvement of prairie junegrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(9): 1-8
April 15, 2009 Redmond, C. T., and D. A. Potter. 2009. Continuing the search for biological control of white grubs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(8): 1-8
April 1, 2009 Fei, S.-Z., and C. Zhang. 2009. Identification of genes associated with cold hardiness in perennial ryegrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(7): 1-6
March 15, 2009 Fu, J., and P. H. Dernoeden. 2009. Carbohydrate metabolism in creeping bentgrass as influenced by spring and summer coring. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(6): 1-10
March 1, 2009 Horvath, B. J., A. E. Nichols, and M. A. Cutulle. 2009. The effects of mowing height and rolling on ball speed, quality, and disease severity of creeping bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(5): 1-5
February 15, 2009 Van Dyke, A., P. G. Johnson, and P. R. Grossl. 2009. Humic substances effect on moisture retention, nutrition, and color of intermountain west putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(4): 1-9
February 1, 2009 Walker, N. R., T. K. Mitchell, S. M. Marek, and Y. Wu. 2009. Host infection and colonization by a causal agent of spring dead spot of bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(3): 1-6
January 15, 2009 McDonald, S. J., P. H. Dernoeden, and C. A. Bigelow. 2009. Irrigation frequency in late summer impacts dollar spot severity and the ability of chemicals to control the disease. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(2): 1-8
January 1, 2009 Settle, D., and P. H. Dernoeden. 2009. Evaluation of cytokinian plant extract biostimulants, iron, and nitrogen products for their effects on creeping bentgrass summer quality. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 8(1): 1-16

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2008

Publication Date Detail
December 1, 2008 Nus, J. L. (ed.) 2008. 2008 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(23): i-ix, 1-84
November 15, 2008 Fu, J., and P. H. Dernoeden. 2008. Carbohydrate metabolism in creeping bentgrass as influenced by two summer irrigation practices. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(22): 1-9
November 1, 2008 Koppenhöfer, A. M., and E. M. Fuzy. 2008. Long-term effects of persistence of nematodes for suppression of white grubs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(21): 1-14
October 15, 2008 Pessarakli, M., N. Gessler, and D. Kopec. 2008. Growth responses of saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) under sodium clhoride (NaCl) salinity stress. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(20): 1-7
October 1, 2008 Clark, J. M. 2008. Optimizing vegetative filter strips treating runoff from turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(19): 1-8
September 15, 2008 Starrett, S., Y. Su, T. Heier, J. Holste, and M. Paloma. 2008. Long-term monitoring of nutrient loss in runoff from a golf course. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(18): 1-9
September 1, 2008 Samaranayake, H., T. J. Lawson, and J. A. Murphy. 2008. Putting green and fairway turf as affected by traffic. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(17): 1-15
August 15, 2008 Murphy, J., F. Wong, L. Tredway, J. A. Crouch, J. Inguagiato, B. Clarke, et al. 2008. Best management practices for anthracnose on annual bluegrass turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(16): 1-16
August 1, 2008 Cowles, R. S., A. Koppenhöfer, B. McGraw, S. R. Alm, D. Ramoutar, D. C. Peck, et al. 2008. Insights into managing annual bluegrass weevils. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(15): 1-11
July 15, 2008 Green, R., G. Klein, K. Carter, B. Spivey, M. Caprio, K. Davidson, et al. 2008. Defining nitrogen fertility rates for a Poa annua-creeping bentgrass putting green in California. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(14): 1-9
July 1, 2008 Beard, J. B., and M. P. Kenna. 2008. Water issues facing the turfgrass industry. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(13): 1-14
June 15, 2008 Brown, P. H., and D. Burger. 2008. Development of a model system to test foliar fertilizers for use in the turfgrass industry. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(12): 1-10
June 1, 2008 Lewis, D. F., S. McElroy, J. C. Sorochan, and G. K. Breeden. 2008. Selective control options for bermudagrass contamination in zoysiagrass turf: A preliminary report. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(11): 1-8
May 15, 2008 Li, D., and R. Gaussoin. 2008. Characterizing soil organic matter in golf course putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(10): 1-8
May 1, 2008 Baldwin, C., and H. Liu. 2008. Altered light spectral qualities impact on warm-season turfgrass growth and development. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(9): 1-12
April 15, 2008 Gardner, D. S., B. P. Horgan, and B. J. Horvath. 2008. Sampling a turfgrass system with the Illinois soil nitrogen test. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(8): 1-7
April 1, 2008 Li, D. 2008. Testing rootzone materials and monitoring the performance in putting greens using a TDR-tension infiltrometer. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(7): 1-10
March 15, 2008 Guertal, E. A. 2008. Nitrate leaching in bentgrass putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(6): 1-6
March 1, 2008 Massey, J. 2008. Considerations when conducting pesticide runoff experiments from turfgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(5): 1-7
February 15, 2008 Meehan, K., and P. G. R. Jodice. 2008. An assessment of fox squirrel habitat on golf courses along the South Carolina coast. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(4): 1-8
February 1, 2008 Bigelow, C. A., and D. R. Smith. 2008. Physical analysis of sands for golf course bunker use. USGA Turfgrass Environ. Res. Online. (3): 1-9
January 15, 2008 King, K. W., and J. C. Balogh. 2008. Hydrologic and water quality assessment from managed turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(2): 1-12
January 1, 2008 Pessarakli, M., and D. M. Kopec. 2008. Growth response of various saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) clones to combined effects of drought and mowing. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(1): 1-4

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2007

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2007 Carroll, M. J., C. J. Hapeman, and F. J. Coale. 2007. Turfgrass runoff investigations: Does plot size matter? USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(24): 1-7
December 1, 2007 Unruh, J. B., B. J. Brecke, and D. E. Partridge. 2007. Seashore paspalum performance to potable water. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(23): 1-10
November 15, 2007 Blunt, T. D., and N. A. Tisserat. 2007. New insights on Typhula snow molds. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(22): 1-5
November 1, 2007 Raymer, P. L., S. K. Braman, L. L. Burpee, R. N. Carrow, Z. Chen, and T. R. Murphy. 2007. Seashore paspalum: Breeding a turfgrass for the future. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(21): 1-8
October 15, 2007 Elliott, M. L., J. A. McInroy, K. Xiong, J. H. Kim, H. D. Skipper, and E. A. Guertal. 2007. Diversity of rhizosphere bacteria in USGA putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(20): 1-8
October 1, 2007 Landreth, J., D. Karcher, and M. Richardson. 2007. Cultivating to manage organic matter in sand-based putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(19): 1-7
September 15, 2007 Anderson, J., C. Taliaferro, D. Martin, Y. Wu, and M. Anderson. 2007. Bermudagrass freeze tolerance. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(18): 1-7
September 1, 2007 Martin, D. L., Y. Wu, J. A. Anderson, M. P. Anderson, G. E. Bell, and N. R. Walker. 2007. Bermudagrass cultivars with high quality and improved cold hardiness. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(17): 1-8
August 15, 2007 Guertal, E. A. 2007. Phosphorus leaching from sand-based putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(16): 1-6
August 1, 2007 Huang, B., and Y. Xu. 2007. Mechanisms controlling heat-induced leaf senescence and heat tolerance in bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(15): 1-6
July 15, 2007 Anderson, M. P., and Y. Wu. 2007. Fingerprinting of Bermudagrass DNA. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(14): 1-8
July 1, 2007 Hanna, W. W. 2007. Response of three bermudagrass genotypes to mowing height and nitrogen or growth regulators. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(13): 1-6
June 15, 2007 McNitt, A. S., D. Petrunak, and T. Serensits. 2007. The effects of organic fertlizers on the saturated hydraulic conductivity of USGA rootzones. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(12): 1-5
June 1, 2007 Braman, S. K., and P. L. Raymer. 2006. Tolerance of seashore paspalum to feeding by Japanese beetle. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(11): 1-8
May 15, 2007 St. John, R., and N. Christians. 2007. Basic Cation Ratios for sand-based greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(10): 1-9
May 1, 2007 Ervin, E. H., D. R. Chalmers, and S. D. Askew. 2007. Ryegrasses as companion species to speed establishment of Kentucky bluegrass fairways. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(9): 1-4
April 15, 2007 Huang, B. 2007. Root carbon metabolism associated with bentgrass tolerance to heat stress. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(8): 1-7
April 1, 2007 Leinauer, B., and J. Makk. 2007. Establishmet of golf greens under different construction types, irrigation systems, and rootzones. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(7): 1-7
March 15, 2007 Leinauer, B., D. Karcher, T. Barrick, Y. Ikemura, H. Hubble, and J. Makk. 2007. Water repellency in sandy rootzones treated with wetting agents. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(6): 1-9
March 1, 2007 Settle, D. M., R. T. Kane, and G. L. Miller. 2007. Evaluation of newer products for selective control of moss on creeping bentgrass greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(5): 1-6
February 15, 2007 Fry, J., R. Taylor, D. Stuntz, and A. Zuk. 2007. Strip seeding: A new approach for converting cool-season turf to warm-season grasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(4): 1-6
February 1, 2007

Redmond, C. T., and D. A. Potter. 2007. Silicon fertilization does not enhance creeping bentgrass resistance to cutworms and white grubs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(3): 1-7

January 15, 2007 Jung, G., J. Curley, and Y.-K. Jo. 2007. A genetic roadmap for breeding perennial ryegrass resistant to gray leaf spot. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(2): 1-7
January 1, 2007 Semlitsch, R. D., M. D. Boone, and J. R. Bodie. 2007. Golf courses could bolster amphibian communities. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 6(1): 1-16

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2006

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2006 Qian, Y., S. Wilhelm, D. Christensen, T. Koski, and H. Hughes. 2006. Salt tolerance of inland saltgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(24): 1-10
December 1, 2006 Morris, K. N. 2006. Grasses for overseeding bermudagrass fairways. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(23): 1-7
November 15, 2006 Stier, John C., Kussow, Wayne R. 2006. Impact of prairie and turf buffer strips on golf course fairway runoff and leachate. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(22): 1-10
November 1, 2006 Shearman, R. C., T. P. Riordan, B. G. Abeyo, T. M. Heng-Moss, D. J. Lee, R. E. Gaussoin, et al. 2006. Buffalograss: Tough native turfgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online5(21): 1-13
October 15, 2006 Heng-Moss, T. M., F. P. Baxendale, T. E. Eickhoff, and R. C. Shearman. 2006. Physiological and biochemical responses of resistant and susceptible buffalograsses to chinch bug feeding.USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online5(20): 1-11
October 1, 2006 Koppenhöfer, A. M., and E. M. Fuzy. 2006. Nematodes for white grub control: Effects of soil type and soil moisture on infectivity and persistence. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(19): 1-10
September 15, 2006 Casler, M., G. Jung, S. Bughrara, A. Hamblin, C. Williamson, and T. Voigt. 2006. Development of creeping bentgrass with resistance to snow mold and dollar spot. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(18): 1-10
September 1, 2006 McCoy, E., and K. McCoy. 2006. Dynamics of water flow in putting greens via computer simulation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(17): 1-15
August 15, 2006 Ryan, T. J., C. M. Scott, and B. A. Douthitt. 2006. Sub-lethal effects of 2,4-D exposure on golf course amphibians. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(16): 1-14
August 1, 2006 Koppenhöfer, A. M., S. Polavarapu, E. M. Fuzy, A. Zhang, K. Ketner, and T. Larsen. 2006. Mating disruption of oriental beetle with sprayable sex pheromone formulations. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(15): 1-8
July 15, 2006 Gaussoin, R., R. Shearman, L. Wit, T. McClellan, and Jason Lewis. 2006. Soil physical and chemical characteristics of aging golf greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(14): 1-11
July 1, 2006 St. John, R., and N. Christians. 2006. Soil testing methods for sand-based putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(13): 1-5
June 15, 2006 Guertal, E. A. 2006. Phosphorus movement and uptake in bermudagrass putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(12): 1-7
June 1, 2006 Chong, S.-K., A. Zhang, R. Boniak, Y. Haung, and C.-H. Ok. 2006. Saturated hydraulic conductivity of coarse-textured rootzone mixes. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(11): 1-10
May 15, 2006 Morris, K. N. 2006. The National Turfgrass Research Initiative. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(10): 1-10
May 1, 2006 Shearman, R. C., S. Severmutlu, T. P. Riordan, and U. Bilgili. 2006. Overseeding fine fescue in buffalograss turfs. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(9): 1-8
April 15, 2006 Starrett, S., Y. Su, T. Heier, J. Klein, and J. Holste. 2006. Nutrient runoff from three phases of a golf course project. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(8): 1-8
April 1, 2006 Harman, G. E., E. B. Nelson, and K. L. Ondik. 2006. Fungicide application effects on non-target microbial populations of putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(7): 1-6
March 15, 2006 King, K. W., and J. C. Balogh. 2006. Surface and subsurface nutrient transport from a golf course watershed. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(6): 1-14
March 1, 2006 Reinert, J. A., J. C. Read, M. E. McCoy, J. J. Heitholt, S. P. Metz, and R. J. Bauernfeind. 2006. Susceptibility of bluegrasses to bluegrass billbug. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(5): 1-9
February 15, 2006 Gannon, T. W., and F. H. Yelverton. 2006. Interseeding Roundup-ready creeping bentgrass into established 'Penncross' creeping bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(4): 1-7
February 1, 2006

Richardson, M. D., J. W. Boyd, D. E. Karcher, J. H. McCalla, and J. W. Landreth. 2006. Choosing appropriate herbicides for establishing bermudagrass from seed. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(3): 1-9

January 15, 2006 Frank, K. W., K. O'Reilly, J. Crum, and R. Calhoun. 2006. Nitrogen fate in a mature Kentucky bluegrass turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(2): 1-6
January 1, 2006 Qian, Y., M. Shahba, S. Wilhelm, D. Christensen, H. Hughes, and T. Koski. 2006. Cold hardiness of inland saltgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 5(1): 1-9

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2005

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2005 Huang, B., X. Liu, and Q. Xu. 2005. The importance of carbon balance and root activity in creeping bentgrass tolerance to summer stress. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(24): 1-5
December 1, 2005 Braman, S. K., R. R. Duncan, W. W. Hanna, and M. C. Engelke. 2005. Dual defense: Pest-resistant turf and natural enemy interactions. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(23): 1-7
November 15, 2005 Williamson, R. C., and S. C. Hong. 2005. Identification of mechanism(s) of resistance in Kentucky bluegrass for control of black cutworms. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(22): 1-6
November 1, 2005 Voigt, T., D. Dinelli, B. Branham, R. Kane, and P. Vermeulen. 2005. Creeping bentgrass cultivars in the upper Midwest: Quality and rate of annual bluegrass invasion. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(21): 1-7
October 15, 2005 Pessarakli, M., and D. M. Kopec. 2005. Responses of twelve inland saltgrass accessions to salt stress. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(20): 1-5
October 1, 2005 Heng-Moss, T. M., F. P. Baxendale, R. C. Shearman, and T. E. Eickhoff. 2005. Resistant turfgrasses for improved chinch bug management. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(19): 1-7
September 15, 2005 Braman, S. K., R. R. Duncan, W. W. Hanna, and M. C. Engelke. 2005. Fall armyworm response to insecticides: Influence of turf type. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(18): 1-11
September 1, 2005 Cisar, J., G. Snyder, and D. Park. 2005. The effect of nitrogen rates on ultradwarf bermudagrass quality. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(17): 1-6
August 15, 2005 Camberato, J. J., P. D. Peterson, and S. B. Martin. 2005. Salinity alters rapid blight disease occurrence. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(16): 1-7
August 1, 2005 Throssell, C. 2005. GCSAA-USGA wetting agent evaluation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(15): 71, 52-89 [1-34]
July 15, 2005 Merola-Zwartjes, M., and J. P. DeLong. 2005. Southwestern golf courses provide needed riparian habitat for birds. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(14): 1-18
July 1, 2005 Carrow, R. N. 2005. Seashore paspalum ecotype responses to drought and root limiting stresses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(13): 1-9
June 15, 2005 Bell, G., and J. Moss. 2005. Managing golf course roughs to reduce runoff. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(12): 1-9
June 1, 2005 Frank, K. W., B. E. Leach, J. R. Crum, P. E. Rieke, B. R. Leinauer, T. A. Nikolai, et al. 2005. Effect of rootzone material and depth on moisture retention in undulating USGA putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(11): 1-9
May 15, 2005 Williams, D. W., and M. S. Harrell. 2005. Leaf surface morphology among Agrostis species and cultivars and correlation with dollar spot severity.USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(10): 1-6
May 1, 2005 Smith, M. D., and C. J. Conway. 2005. Use of artificial burrows on golf courses for burrowing owl conservation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(9): 1-6
April 15 , 2005 McCoy, E., and K. McCoy. 2005. Putting green rootzone amendments and irrigation water conservation. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(8): 1-9
April 1 , 2005 Kopec, D.M., J.H. Walworth, J.J. Gilbert, G.M. Sower, M. Pessarakli. 2005. Ball roll distance of 'Sea Isle 2000' paspalum in response to mowing height and nitrogen fertility. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(7): 1-6
March 15, 2005 Paterson, A.H., W. Hanna, C. Bethel, and E. Sciara. 2005. Creating a genetic roadmap for bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(6):1-4
March 1, 2005 Hanna, W. 2005. Controlling thatch in 'TifEagle' bermudagrass with the Graden Verticutter. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(5): 1-6
February 15, 2005 Harman, G.E., E.B. Nelson, B. Giuliano Garisto Donzell, and K.L. Ondik. 2005. Diversity and biology of the dollar spot organism, Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, and its implications. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(4): 1-9
February 1, 2005

Belanger, F.C., S.A. Bonos, and W.A. Meyer. 2005. Interspecific hybridization as a new approach to improving dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(3): 1-5

January 15, 2005 Reicher, Z.J., E.A. Kohler, V.L. Poole, and R.F. Turco. 2005. Constructed wetlands on golf courses help manage runoff from the course and surrounding areas. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(2): 1-14
January 1, 2005 Anderson, J., C. Taliaferro, M. Anderson, D. Martin, and A. Guenzi. 2005. Freeze tolerance and low temperature-induced genes in bermudagrass plants. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 4(1): 1-7

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2004

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2004 Karp, M. A., and E.B. Nelson. 2004. Bacterial communities associated with creeping bentgrass in soil and sand rootzones. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(24): 1-19
December 1, 2004 Williamson, R.C., and S. Hong. 2004. Managing earthworm castings in golf course turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(23): 1-6
November 15, 2004 Barthelmess, E.L. 2004. Managing golf courses for small mammal diversity. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(22): 1-10
November 1, 2004 Putnam, A.R., and J.M. Clark. 2004. Managing pesticide exposure from turfgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(21): 1-17
October 15, 2004 Taliaferro, C.M., D.L. Martin, J.A. Anderson, M.P. Anderson, and A.C. Guenzi. 2004. Broadening the horizons of turf bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(20): 1-9
October 1, 2004 Starrett, S.K., J. Klein, and T. Heier. 2004. Roundup runoff from zoysiagrass fairways. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(19): 1-6
September 15, 2004 Huang, B., J. Pote, and Q. Xu. 2004. Soil temperatures controlling creeping bentgrass growth. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(18): 1-5
September 1, 2004 Branham, B.E., F.Z. Kandil, and J. Mueller. 2004. Best management practices to reduce pesticide runoff from turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(17): 1-8
August 15, 2004 White, C.L. and M.B. Main. 2004. Habitat value of golf course wetlands to waterbirds. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(16): 1-10
August 1, 2004 Rodewald, A.D., P.G. Rodewald, and M.J. Santiago. 2004. Conservation of Red-headed Woodpeckers on Midwestern golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(15): 1-7
July 15, 2004 Porter, E.E., D.N. Pennington, J. Bulluck, and R.B. Blair. 2004. Assessing the conservation value of golf gourses for butterflies. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(14): 1-13
July 1, 2004 Richardson, M.D., D.E. Karcher, and J.W. Boyd. 2004. Seeding date and cultivar affect winter survival of seeded bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(13): 1-8
June 15, 2004 Prater, C.A. and D.A. Potter. 2004. New tool for biological warfare on cutworms? USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(12): 1-5
June 1, 2004 Daniels, J.C. and T.C. Emmel. 2004. Florida golf courses help save endangered butterfly. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(11): 1-7
May 15, 2004 Murphy, J.A., H. Samaranayake, J.A. Honig, T.J. Lawson, and S.L. Murphy. 2004. Creeping bentgrass establishment on sand-based rootzones varying in amendment. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(10): 1-15
May 1, 2004 Huff, D.R. 2004. Developing annual bluegrass cultivars for putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(9): 1-8
April 15, 2004 Peterson, P., B. Martin, and J. Camberato. 2004. Rapid blight disease of cool-season grasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(8): 1-6
April 1, 2004 Thien, S., S. Starret, R. Robel, P. Shea, D. Gourlay, and C. Roth. 2004. A multiple index environmental quality evaluation and management system: Application to a golf course. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(7): 1-10
March 15, 2004 Bigelow, C.A., D.C. Bowman, and D.K. Cassel. 2004. Physical properties of sand amended with inorganic materials or sphagnum peat moss. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(6): 1-14
March 1, 2004 Soli, A.M. and W.O. Lamp. 2004. Pesticide and fertilizer contamination of streams adjacent to golf courses and the response of the Benthic Macroinvertebrate community. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(5): 1-18
February 15, 2004 Grant, J. A. and F. S. Rossi. 2004. Evaluation of reduced chemical management systems for putting green turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(4): 1-13
February 1, 2004 Guertal, E. A. and M. L. Elliot. 2004. Microbe populations in USGA putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(3): 1-6
January 15, 2004 Braman, K. 2004. Resistant turf: Front line defense for insect pests. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(2): 1-8
January 1, 2004 Morris, K. 2004. Grasses for overseeding bermudagrass fairways. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 3(1): 1-8

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2003

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2003 Bigelow, C. A., D. C. Bowman, and D. K. Cassel. 2003. Inorganic soil amendments limit Nitrogen Leaching in newly constructed sand-based putting green rooting mixtures. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(24): 1-7
December 1, 2003 Johnston, W. J. and C. T. Golob. 2003. Snow mold control in the Intermountain Northwest. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(23): 1-9
November 15, 2003 Maier, R. M. and D. A. Potter. 2003. Nuisance ants on golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(22): 1-5
November 1, 2003 Maqbool, S. B. and M. B. Sticklen. 2003. Genetic engineering turfgrasses for pest resistance. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(21): 1-13
October 15, 2003 Tisserat, N. A., F. B. Iriarte, H. C. Wetzel III, J. D. Fry, and D. L. Martin. 2003. Identification, distribution, and aggressiveness of spring dead spot pathogens of bermudagrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(20): 1-8
October 1, 2003 Miller, R. O. 2003. Variation in saturated hydraulic conductivity: The effect of antecedent moisture content.  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(19):1-5
September 15, 2003 Datnoff, L. A. and B. A. Rutherford. 2003. Accumulation of silicon by bermudagrass to enhance disease suppression of leaf spot and melting out.  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(18): 1-6.
September 1, 2003 Carrow, R. N. 2003. Surface organic matter in bentgrass greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(17):1-10.
August 15, 2003 Gordon, D. H., G. J. Stephen, and G. M. Phillips. 2003. Golf courses and bird communities in the south Atlantic coastal plain. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(16): 1-9.
August 1, 2003 Crum, J. R., F. W. Thomas, and J. N. Rogers III. 2003. Agronomic and engineering properties of USGA putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(15): 1-9.
July 15, 2003 Marcum, K.B., G. Wess, T.D. Ray, and M.C. Engelke. 2003. Zoysiagrasses, salt glands, and salt tolerance. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(14): 1-6.
July 1, 2003 Martin, D. and J. Gazaway. 2003. Can non-traditional water conditioning devices help address irrigation water quality and quantity issues? USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(13): 1-9.
June 15, 2003 Murphy, J. A., T. J. Lawson, and J. Clark. 2003. Ball marks on bentgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(12): 1- 6.
June 1, 2003 Uddin, W., G. Viji, and P. Vincelli. 2003. Gray leaf spot of perennial ryegrass turf: an emerging problem for the turfgrass industry. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(11): 1- 18.
May 15, 2003 Goatley, J. M. Jr., H. W. Philley, J. V. Krans, E. A. van Santen, L. Capo-chichi, and D. Davis. 2003. The genetic stability of six bermudagrasses as affected by chronic exposure to dinitroaniline herbicides.  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(10): 1- 7.
May 1, 2003 Han, Y., S. A. Bonos, B. B. Clarke, and W. A. Meyer. 2003. Inoculation techniques for selection of gray leaf spot resistance in perennial ryegrass.  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(9): 1- 7.
April 15, 2003 Dernoeden, P., C. Bigelow, J. E. Kaminski, and John Krouse. 2003. Smooth crabgrass control and creeping bentgrass tolerance to Quinclorac (Drive®).  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(8): 1- 11.
April 1, 2003 Kane, R. and L. Miller. 2003. Field testing plant growth regulators and wetting agents for seedhead suppression of annual bluegrass.  USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(7): 1- 7.
March 15, 2003 Johnson, P. G. 2003. The influence of frequent or infrequent irrigation on turfgrasses in cool-arid west. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(6): 1-8
March 1, 2003 Carroll, M. and R. L. Hill. 2003. Does thatch complicate pesticide leachate predictions? USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(5): 1-9
February 15, 2003 Prettyman, G. and E. McCoy. 2003. Localized drought on sloped putting greens with sand-based rootzones. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(4): 1-8
February 1, 2003 Gaussoin, R. and R. Shearman. 2003. Soil microbial characteristics of aging golf greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(3): 1-6.
January 15, 2003 Kaminski, J. E. and P. H. Dernoeden. 2003. Understanding bentgrass dead spot. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(2): 1-7.
January 1, 2003 Morris, K. 2003. Bentgrasses and bermudagrasses for today's putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 2(1): 1-7.

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2002

Publication Date Detail
December 15, 2002 Paton, P. W. C. and R. S. Egan. 2002. Strategies to maintain pond-breeding amphibians on golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(20): 1-7.
December 1, 2002 Johnston, W. J. and C. T. Golob. 2002. Nitrogen leaching through a sand-based golf green. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(19): 1-7.
November 15, 2002 Puri, V. M. and C. F. Mancino. 2002. Importance of particle shape and size on rootzone sands' bulk mechanical behavior. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(18):1-8.
November 1, 2002 Schuman, L. M. 2002. Nutrient leaching and runoff from golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(17):1-9.

October 15, 2002 Haith, D. A. 2002. Modeling pesticide runoff from turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(16):1-7.
October 1, 2002 Bushoven, J. T., Z. Jiang, and R. J. Hull. 2002. Differences in nitrate uptake and metabolism among perennial ryegrass and creeping bentgrass cultivars. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(15):1-14.
September 15, 2002 Haith, D. A. 2002. Modeling pesticide volatilization from turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(14):1-5.
September 1, 2002 Cisar, J. L., R. H. Snyder, J. B. Sartain, and C. J. Borgert. 2002. Dislodgeable residues of chlorpyrifos and isazofos and implications for golfer exposure. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(13):1-10.
August 15, 2002 Hughes, H., D. Christenen, T. Koski, and S. Reid. 2002. Desert saltgrass: a potential new turfgrass. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(12):1-4.
August 1, 2002 Lee, G., R. R. Duncan, and R. N. Carrow. 2002. Initial selections of salt-tolerant seashore paspalum ecotypes. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(11):1-7.
July 15, 2002 Frank, K. 2002. Buffalograss management research: the results may surprise you. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(10):1-6.
July 1, 2002 Frank, J. H. 2002. A parasitic fly that kills mole crickets. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(9):1-5.
June 15, 2002 Rogers, M. E., and D. A. Potter. 2002. Biological control of white grubs by parasitic wasps. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(8):1-5.
June 1, 2002 Williams, D. W., and P. B. Burns. 2002. Renovation of perennial ryegrass fairways with seeded bermudagrasses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(7):1-6.
May 15, 2002 Howard, J. H. 2002. Golf course design and maintenance: impacts on amphibians. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(6):1-21.
May 1, 2002 Brandenburg, R. L. 2002. Improving mole cricket management by targeting their weakness. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(5):1-8.
April 15, 2002 Scott, D. E., B. S. Metts, and J. W. Gibbons. 2002. Seasonal wetlands and golf courses. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(4):1-7.
April 1, 2002 Kenna, M. P., and J. T. Snow. 2002. Environmental research: past and future. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(3):1-25.
March 15, 2002 Stangel, P., and K. Distler. 2002. Golf courses for wildlife: Looking beyond the turf. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(2):1-6.
March 1, 2002 Anderson, M., A. Guenzi, D. Martin, C. Taliaferro, and N. Tisserat.2002. Spring Dead Spot: a Major Bermudagrass Disease. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 1(1):1-5.

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